Product Labeling System in EAEU countries
On February 2, 2018, the heads of governments of the EAEU countries at a meeting of the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council approved an agreement according to which the turnover of goods in the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) will be controlled by a labeling system using modern identification tools. In turn, information about the means of identification used for labeling of goods will be entered into a single register, the formation and maintenance of which is assigned to the Eurasian Economic Commission (EEC).
The norms laid down in the document will allow increasing control over the turnover of goods in the territories of the Member States, to ensure equal conditions of competition and consumer safety, and will also contribute to an effective fight against the gray market and counterfeit goods.
The decision on which particular goods will fall under the Agreement on the labeling of goods by means of identification will be made later. But at the same time, countries will continue to be able to launch initiatives to introduce national labeling, but after joint consideration of such initiatives by all EAEU states.
Member States will have to determine the procedure for recording identification means, if necessary, form registers of their issuers and establish requirements for storage facilities in which goods to be labeled will be stored.
Countries will also decide exactly what information, in what form and in what time frame, entrepreneurs who produce or trade in goods subject to labeling will be required to transfer to the competent authorities of their states.
“One or another set of information about products from the labeling system will be available to all project stakeholders - and the authorized state authorities, business, and consumers, including through mobile applications,” explained Veronika Nikishina, a member of the Board (Minister). “In particular, a means of identification will be applied to the goods, for example, a QR code containing a link to information about the corresponding unit of goods in the information system.”
That is, the introduction of a labeling system by means of identification can facilitate the digitization of product flows and the formation of a traceability system.
Storage, transportation, acquisition and sale of unmarked goods by legal entities and individual entrepreneurs are prohibited from the date of labeling of goods.
Labeling of goods imported into the EAEU is carried out before they are placed under customs procedures for release for domestic consumption or re-import. Labeling of goods after placement under the specified procedures in specialized warehouses is allowed, if it is determined by national legislation. Labeling of goods produced in the Union is carried out by manufacturers prior to offering such goods for sale.
Labeling requirements do not apply to:
- the goods placed under customs procedures for the purpose of their export outside the Union;
- samples of goods intended for testing in order to assess compliance with the requirements of acts of the Union bodies and regulatory technical acts of the EAEU member states in the field of standardization;
- the goods in the case of their sale in duty free shops;
- the goods imported by individuals for personal use, and a number of others.
In their legislation, member states should provide for liability for failure to fulfill or improper fulfillment of labeling requirements.
At the moment, the agreement is being ratified in the Union countries and has not yet entered into force.
Leading specialist of the department of registration of medical devices and medical equipment,